1 Kings 10:1-13: The Queen of Sheba


How do we understand the visit of the queen of Sheba to King Solomon? Jesus Christ gives us the lens to see the relevance of this OT character, Luke 11:29-32, ‘When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, “This generation is an evil generation. It seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.30 For as Jonah became a sign to the people of Nineveh, so will the Son of Man be to this generation.31 The queen of the South will rise up at the judgement with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.32 The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgement with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.’ She is held up as an example of believing. Her visit is held up as one of the highlights of Solomon’s reign, it shows us how God sought to bring the nations to Israel to see His glory, fulfilling His mission through Israel.

There are four aspects of this queen which we want to note in this section. She was a seeker, became a worshipper, then a giver and then became a receiver.